What is Open Access?
Open access (OA) refers to a publishing and distribution model for scholarly communication that makes research information available to readers online at no cost, rather than the traditional model of charging readers for access.
A key motivation for the development of the OA concept was that scholarly literature should be publicly available on the Internet free of charge, so that anyone interested can read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, link to, and use full texts in any other conceivable legal way, without encountering financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those associated with Internet access itself.
The Max Planck Society is one of the founders of the international Open Access movement. The publication of the "Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities" on October 22, 2003 and the subsequent annual conferences initiated a process that has raised awareness of the issue of access to scientific information. 2023 thus marks the 20th anniversary of the publication of the Berlin Declaration.
New Open Access agreement between DEAL consortium and Springer Nature
The DEAL consortium, represented by MPDL Services gGmbH, signed a new contract with the publisher Springer Nature on 24 November 2023. With a contract start date of 1 January 2024, the new agreement follows on seamlessly from the contract concluded in 2020, under which over 50,000 articles have now been published Open Access throughout Germany.
As called for by the German Council of Science and Humanities, this agreement also serves the goal of establishing open access as the standard for academic publishing and increasing the global visibility and reach of research at German academic institutions.
The preamble to the agreement formulates a joint commitment to the transformation of hybrid journals into Gold Open Access.
It is an opt-in contract with a term from 1 January 2024 to 31 December 2028.
The agreement covers all Springer Nature journals with the exception of Nature-branded journals, for which the Nature framework agreement of the Max Planck Digital Library still applies until the end of 2024. It was agreed with the publisher that negotiations on the integration of the Nature-branded journals into the DEAL contract will be conducted in 2024.